Body dysmorphic disorder is a body-image disorder characterized by persistent and intrusive preoccupations with an imagined or slight defect in one's appearance. These negative thoughts may cause the person to obsessively try to fix or hide their flaws and avoid social interactions. It is more related to obsessive compulsive disorder and social anxiety, rather than eating disorders. A person with BDD may spend hours a day thinking about their perceived flaws and it can greatly impact their daily life.
BDD usually starts in adolescence and affects men and women equally. Causes are unclear, but related factors are genetic predisposition, differences in brain structure or neurochemistry, and environmental variables such as trauma or negative social evaluations.
Typical symptoms include:
Treatment is often a combination of medication (often antidepressants) and therapy (likely cognitive behavioral therapy/CBT). You can learn more by visiting these various resources:
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